What does Target market mean in marketing terminology?

Target market

A target market is a particular segment of a population to which a product or service can be marketed. It is a group of consumers that have certain characteristics, likes, dislikes, and interests that sets them apart from the larger population.

When companies or brands are looking to generate sales, they must first identify a target market that is most likely to be interested in their product or service. This process of identifying a target market is called market segmentation, and it is an essential part of any successful marketing strategy.

When it comes to market segmentation, there are three primary methods for businesses to identify the optimal target markets for their products or services. The first is demographic segmentation. Demographic segmentation is the process of splitting a population into groups by their age, gender, location, ethnicity, education level, and income level, among other factors. It is easy to use and provides a very comprehensive way of segmenting a population. For example, a company selling fitness equipment might choose to target demographics such as athletes and health-conscious individuals.

The second primary method of market segmentation is psychographic segmentation. This process involves segmenting a population by psychological traits such as lifestyle, interests, values, and attitudes. It allows businesses to drill down further than demographic segmentation to better understand their target markets. Psychographic segmentation can also be used to personalize marketing messages to specific groups of people, as it takes into account people’s psychology and preferences. For example, a fashion retailer might use psychographic segmentation to target people who are interested in fashion trends and streetwear.

The third primary method of market segmentation is behavioural segmentation. This process divides a population into groups based on their behaviour and purchase decisions. It allows marketers to identify consumer motives and intentions and develop target strategies that are tailored to each segment. For instance, a company selling luxury cars might use behavioural segmentation to target consumers who are interested in high-end vehicles.

Once a business has identified its target markets, the next step is to develop a marketing strategy that takes into account the tastes, preferences, and interests of each demographic, psychographic, and behavioural segment. The strategy should include a clear message tailored to each target segment and various tactics for targeting them, such as advertising, social media campaigns, email campaigns, offers, and discounts.

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It is also important for businesses to track the results of their target strategies to constantly assess and adjust them as needed. Companies should always strive to understand how effective their target strategies have been and how they can be further improved. Tracking can be done through surveys, focus groups, or tracking software and it is an essential part of ensuring that you are reaching your target audiences and achieving your marketing objectives.

When it comes to target marketing, there are a few general guidelines and best practices that everyone should follow. First, you should always start by getting to know your target markets and understanding their interests, needs, and preferences. This will help you craft more effective messages and strategies.

Second, it is important to develop a detailed target marketing strategy that is tailored to each demographic, psychographic, and behavioural segment. This will help ensure that you are reaching your target audiences and effectively promoting your products or services.

Third, it is essential to track the results of your target strategies. You should regularly assess how effective your strategies have been so that you can adjust them as needed and ensure that you are driving the results you want.

It’s important to be open to change, as market conditions and needs can evolve over time. Staying flexible and adapting your target strategies to changes can help you stay competitive and maintain high engagement with your target markets.


Dee Blick, Best Selling Author

"The smaller each target group, the more manageable it becomes to reach them. This is especially important if you have limited resources or time for marketing."

Best Selling Author